WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF LOGISTICS THAT EXIST?

We at Frex Logistics continue in the process of informing our customers about the most diverse forms of logistics on the market. Being part of this industry is a great challenge and passing on the correct orientation is our obligation.

Let’s talk a little more about logistics.

WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF LOGISTICS THAT EXIST?

What is logistics?

Logistics means accounting and organization and is a term of Greek origin. Logistics also comes from the French “logistique”, which means an art that deals with the planning and realization of various projects, widely used during wars.

Logistics first emerged as part of the military’s art. It was used in war as the area that took care of the planning of several important items, storage, distribution and maintenance of various types of materials. For example, weapons, clothing, food, health, transportation, etc. Later, it also started to designate the management, storage and distribution of resources for a given activity.

The logistics area is in charge of controlling many activities, which are divided into four types:

  • Supply Logistics;
  • Production Logistics;
  • Reverse logistic;
  • Distribution Logistics.

Let’s understand each one a little more:

  • Supplies

It is the basic process of logistics. This type of logistics plans and manages the materials that are necessary for the manufacture of a product (raw material), goods and essential materials.

It ensures that the quantity of supplies is in line with demand, including doing research for better purchase prices and quality of the material purchased.

Supply logistics stores and preserves material, orders products, provides internal supplies to the company, controls the use of employees, discards the material when completed and manages all administrative processes for these materials.

  • Production

Production logistics takes care of the process of making and making the product available to the market, covering all internal spheres of the company. It controls the flow of materials within the factory and the company, intermediates storage, supplies workstations and issues the finished product.

It evaluates the forecast of external demand, with the conditions presented by the market, creating a long, medium and short term planning.

  • Reverse

This type of logistics has a close link with sustainability and ecology, since its process is to recover supplies and materials, to reintegrate the goods into the stock.

Its actions are broad, including preventing a material that causes damage to nature, from being misused, giving it an appropriate destination. It prevents contamination of the environment and also creates an economy, since if there is reuse of material, there is less consumption of raw materials.

  • Distribution

Its main objective is to have the right amount of goods and material in stock, with the right time and place balance. It takes care of the distribution of the stored material, by monitoring the stock and monitoring its use.

It is subdivided into:

  • Conference of loads after dispatch;
  • Delivery routing;
  • Transport administration;
  • Freight control;

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